"Is a large rock-fill dam on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. The dam is located on Magat River, a major tributary of Cagayan River. Construction of the dam started in 1975 and completed in 1982. Magat Dam is one of the largest dams in the Philippines and has two primary purposes: as a source of irrigation water and as a provider of hydroelectric power."
"Is a concrete water reservoir embankment hydroelectric dam that supplies the Manila metropolitan area water. It was a part of the Angat-Ipo-La Mesa water system. The reservoir supplies about 90 percent of raw water requirements for Metro Manila through the facilities of the Metropolitan Waterworks and Sewerage System and it irrigates about 28,000 hectares of farmland in the provinces of Bulacan and Pampanga."
"is an earth-fill embankment dam on the Pampanga River located in Pantabangan in Nueva Ecija province of the Philippines. The multi-purpose dam provides water for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation while its reservoir, Pantabangan Lake, affords flood control. The reservoir is considered one of the largest in Southeast Asia and also one of the cleanest in the Philippines. Construction on the dam began in 1971 and it was complete in 1977."
The National Irrigation Administration (NIA) is a government-owned and controlled corporation primarily responsible for irrigation development and management.
It was created underRepublic Act (RA) 3601 on 22 June 1963.
Its charter was amended by Presidential Decree (PD) 552 on 11 September 1974 andPD 1702 on 17 July 1980.
Both increased the capitalization and broadened the authority of the Agency.
NIA's forerunner was the Irrigation Division of the defunct Bureau of Public Works.
NIA was placed under the Office of the President (OP) upon its creation.
It was attached to the Department of Public Works, Transportation, and Communication under PD No.1, dated 23 September 1972.
The issuance also integrated all irrigation activities under the Agency. The Administrative Code of 1987, dated 25 July 1987, attached NIA to both the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), and Department of Agriculture (DA).
But NIA remained attached to DPWH. It was transferred to OP pursuant to Executive Order No. 22, dated 14 September 1992. Then, it was attached to DA under Administrative Order No. 17, dated 14 October 1992.